Kotor Bay of Prcanj: A Coastal Town with a Rich Maritime History
Kotor Bay of Prcanj is a small town in Montenegro that lies along the Bay of Kotor, a stunning inlet of the Adriatic Sea surrounded by majestic mountains. The town has a long and proud tradition of maritime trade and seafaring, dating back to the medieval times when it was under the protection of the Venetian Republic.
The Origins of Prcanj
The first mention of Prcanj dates back to 1222, when it was involved in the construction of St Johan Church. The town was originally located in the upper level of the hill, where it relied on agriculture. However, in the early 15th century, Prcanj started to develop in the coastal region, where it became a hub for maritime trade and navigation.
Prcanj’s sailors were renowned for their skill and loyalty to Venice, which granted them many privileges and benefits. They participated in naval battles against enemies of the Republic, such as the Ottoman Empire and the pirates. They also traded various goods across the Mediterranean and beyond, such as cheese, wine, oil, candles, salted fish, meat, figs, silk and more. They visited ports such as Ancona, Bari, Brindisi, Venice, Trieste, Corfu, Thebes, Corinth, Alexandria and Algiers.
Prcanj’s maritime success made many families exceptionally wealthy and influential. Some of them were Lukovic, Gjurovic, Sbutega, Lazzari, Mihnic, Florio, Verona, Milin, Petkic, Raffaeili, Beskuca and Marassi. They built magnificent palaces and villas along the waterfront, some of which still stand today. They also had trade houses and residences in other cities such as Venice, Trieste and Corfu.